Allyl Chloride

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Description

Allyl Chloride is a clear colorless liquid with an unpleasant pungent odor. Flash point -20°F. Boiling point 113°F. Less dense than water (7.8 lb / gal) and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Vapor irritates skin, eyes and mucous membranes. Vapors are heavier than air. Long exposure to low concentrations or short exposure to high concentrations may have adverse health effects from inhalation or skin absorption. Exposure to allyl chloride primarily occurs for workers in manufacturing plants. The acute (short-term) effects of allyl chloride from inhalation exposure in humans consists of irritation of the eyes and respiratory passages. Chronic (long-term) exposure to allyl chloride in humans causes injury to the liver and kidneys and the onset of pulmonary edema (fluid in the lungs). There are no human cancer data available for allyl chloride. Limited animal studies indicate that exposure to allyl chloride by gavage (placing the chemical experimentally in the stomachs of mice) caused an increase in the incidence of forestomach tumors. EPA has classified allyl chloride as a Group C, a possible human carcinogen. Formula C3H5Cl Molar mass 76.523 g/mol CAS Number 107-05-1 Density 0.939 g/cm3 at 25°C (77°F) Purity/Grade 98% (Reagent) Appearence Liquid Melting point/freezing point Melting point/range: -130°C (-202°F) – lit. Initial boiling point and boiling range 44 – 46°C (111 – 115°F) – lit. Flash point -32°C (-26°F) – closed cup Vapour pressure 393.577hPa (295.207mmHg) at 20°C (68°F)

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